Private Voter Information in Pennsylvania

Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania

In September 2021, the Pennsylvania Senate’s Intergovernmental Operations Committee issued a subpoena to the Department of State for the private information of millions of voters as part of its investigation into the 2020 election results. The data requested includes the names, addresses, birth dates, driver’s license numbers, and partial Social Security numbers of every registered Pennsylvanian. 

To protect Pennsylvania citizens’ privacy and voting rights, Pennsylvania Attorney General Josh Shapiro, joined by pro bono co-counsel States United Democracy Center and Morgan, Lewis & Bockius LLP, filed a lawsuit and petitioned the court to block the subpoena.  

The lawsuit argues that the Senate subpoena, if enforced, would violate millions of Pennsylvanians’ right to privacy guaranteed by the Pennsylvania Constitution and the Commonwealth’s laws. Additionally, the lawsuit contends the subpoena violates the right to free and fair elections in the state’s constitution, was not issued for a legitimate legislative purpose, exceeds the Intergovernmental Operations Committee’s authority, and violates federal law protecting critical information infrastructure.  

The petition was filed in the Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania. The defendants in the case are Senator Cris Dush, Senator Jake Corman, and the Pennsylvania State Senate Intergovernmental Operations Committee. It was consolidated with other cases filed by other parties, including Democratic legislators, private citizens, and the League of Women Voters, who also sought to block the subpoena.  

In November 2021, the state Senate announced it had signed a contract with a third-party, Florida-based vendor, Envoy Sage, to handle the investigation. The firm is a newly formed and has no experience in elections, data analysis, or conducting audits. 

In January, a five-judge panel of the Commonwealth Court held that there were substantial questions of fact that needed to be answered before it could decide whether petition should be granted and directed the parties to develop the record. In late January, the Court ordered the parties to undertake further briefing. 

Related Documents

Senate Democrats Petition for Review (filed 9/17/21)

Department of State Petition for Review (filed 9/23/21)

Haywood Petition for Declaratory Judgment and Injunctive Relief (filed 9/27/21)

League of Women Voters (ACLU) Petition for Review (filed 10/4/21)

Department of State Memo in Support of Application for Summary Relief (filed 10/13/21)

Senate Democrats Memo in Support of Application for Summary Relief (filed 10/13/21)

Haywood Memo in Support of Application for Summary Relief (filed 10/13/21)

League of Women Voters (ACLU) Memo in Support of Application for Summary Relief (filed 10/13/21)

Intergovernmental Operations Committee Memorandum in Support of Cross-Application for Summary Relief (filed 10/22/21)

Department of State Reply Brief (filed 11/8/21)

Senate Democrats Reply Brief (filed 11/8/21)

Haywood Reply Brief (filed 11/8/21) 

League of Women Voters (ACLU) Reply Brief (filed 11/8/21)

Intergovernmental Operations Committee Reply Brief in Support of Cross-Application for Summary Relief (filed 11/22/21)

Department of State Sur-Reply (filed 12/06/21)

Commonwealth Court Opinion (1/10/22)

Commonwealth Court Order for Further Briefing (1/25/22)